For my first additional context post I am going to talk about the history of learning disabilities specifically ADHD.
1800s to mid 1900s: Learning and attention issues aren’t on the public radar. But they are a topic of conversation among scientists and doctors.
In 1904 the British medical journal Lancet published the poem “The Story of Fidgety Phillip”. This poem is thought to be the first ever thing published about ADHD. “Phillip won’t sit still, He wriggles, and giggles, and then, I declare, swings backwards, and tilts up his chair.”
In 1955 the FDA approves the drug Ritalin to treat depression and fatigue but not for ADHD.
1960s and 1970s: The education and medical professions in the U.S. recognize learning disabilities. Public schools and federal government start paying attention to learning disabilities.
In 1968 the term ADHD first appears and Ritalin is now used as a treatment for this.
In 1973 Congress passed Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This prohibited the discrimination against people with learning disabilities in programs that receive public funding.
1980s and 1990s: The education and medical communities strive to understand learning and attention issues and how to help kid who have them. ADHD becomes more widely known.
2000 to Present Day: Awareness and research of ADHD issues takes off. Federal law more clearly defines special education services and gives parents more rights. Researchers start usuing brain imaging to study the causes of ADHD.
In 2001 the No Child Left Behind Act was established. This act holds states and schools more accountable for student progress.
In 2004 IDEA is authorized. This gives parents more rights and better defined schools’ responsibilities for dealing with students with learning disabilities. IDEA programs were introuced to help struggling students before they are referred for special education services.
In 2007 the Office for Civil Rights as the U.S. Department of Education released a letter which states that denying kids with disabilities access to accelerated academic programs is a civil rights violation